Fire Services Act 1981 & 2003
The current structure of the Fire Service in Ireland is based upon the legislation of the Fire Services Act of 1981 & 2003.
While the "duty of care" in respect to Fire Safety in Buildings rests with the Owner/Occupier under the Fire Service Act, 1981, the Fire Authorities have various powers of inspection and enforcement for Fire Prevention/safety measures in existing Buildings.
Section 18(2) of the Fire Services Act, 1981 & 2003 is quoted as follows: -
“It shall be the duty of every person having control over premises to which this section applies to –
(a) take all reasonable measures to guard against the outbreak of fire on such premises,
(b) provide reasonable fire safety measures for such premises and prepare and provide appropriate fire safety procedures for ensuring the safety of persons on such premises,
(c) ensure that the fire safety measures and procedures referred to in paragraph (b) are applied at all times, and
(d) ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, the safety of persons on the premises in the event of an outbreak of fire whether such outbreak has occurred or not.”
A person convicted for an offence under the above may be liable to a maximum fine of €12,697.38 and/or imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years.
Link to the Act:
Fire Services Act 1981 – S.I. No. 30
Part 3 (Amendment to Fire Services Act 1981) of Licensing of Indoor Events Act 2003 – S.I. No. 15
Building Control Act 1990 & 2007
View relevant legislation. New Building Control Regulations and Building Regulations expected soon.
A Fire Safety Certificate is required in relation to the following works:
- Works in connection with the design and construction of a new building
- Works in connection with the material alteration of:
1. A day centre
2. A building containing a flat
3. A hotel, hostel or guest building
4. An institutional building
5. A place of assembly
6. A shopping centre
- Works in connection with the material alteration of a shop, office or industrial building where additional floor area is being provided within the existing building or where the building is being sub divided into a number of units for separate occupancy.
- Works in connection with the extension of a building by more than 25 square metres
- A building as regards which a material change of use takes place.
Certain Exemptions apply.
Please see the FAQ section for more information.
Technical Guidance Documents
The Technical Documents, give guidance on how to achieve compliance with the Building regulations i.e. compliance with the recommendations of the Technical Guidance Document will indicate prima Facia evidence of compliance with the Building Regulations.
Generally Technical Guidance Document B is used to give guidance on the design and subsequent report that forms part of the Fire Safety certificate application. Therefore, if a building is to be built in accordance with the issued Fire Safety Certificate it should be compliant the Building Regulations.
Technical Guidance Document B , K & M is most applicable in relation to Fire and Fire Safety Certificate Applications.
The adoption of an approach different to the TGD's or the use of Fire Safety Engineering is not prohibited, provided that the approach meets the requirements of the Building Regulations.
The Building Control Authority may require such evidence, in the case of an approach different to ensure that the building does comply with the regulations.
Important to note that neither the Building Regulations or the TGDs promote the use of a particular product or method of construction.
Individual Technical Guidance Documents
You can access the individual Technical Guidance Documents by clicking on the link for each document listed below which will take you to the document which is held in the publications area of the site.
Technical Guidance Documents 1997 - 2004
- Part A - Structure: (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 416kb)
- Part B - Fire Safety: (March 06) (pdf,1.3mb)
- Part C - Site Preparation and Resistance to Moisture (Sept 2004) (Radon) (pdf, 2.3mb)
- Part D - Materials and Workmanship (2000): (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 187kb)
- Part E - Sound: (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 642kb)
- Part F - Ventilation (2002): (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 382kb)
- Part G - Hygiene: (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 502kb)
- Part H - Drainage and Waste Water Disposal: (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 683kb)
- Part J - Heat Producing Appliances: (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 242kb)
- Part K - Stairways Ladders Ramps and Guards: (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 272kb)
- Part L - Conservation of Fuel and Energy: (May 2006 Edition) (pdf, 1.6mb)
- Part L - Conservation of Fuel and Energy: (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 1.3mb)
- Part L - Conservation of Fuel and Energy Dwellings (2002): (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 696kb)
- Part M - Access for People with Disabilities (2000): (Reprint May 05) (pdf, 302kb)
- Amendments and Corrections 1997 - 2004 (Reprint May 05) (pdf,1.3mb)
Dublin Fire Brigade has an ongoing campaign of inspection to check buildings of public resort for compliance with the Ease of Escape Regulations. These inspections can occur at any time during normal operating hours of public premises.
Ease of Escape Regulations
Fire Safety in Places of Assembly (Ease of Escape) Regulations, 1985 – S.I. No. 249
Licensing and the Fire Service
Throughout the year the Fire Service receives notification of applications to the courts for licences for various types of public premises. As a notice party to many types of licence applications the Fire Authority is requested to carry out inspections of premises and to be represented at the licence hearing to state if it has any objection to the licence being granted. The types of notifications the Fire Authority receives are:
- Certificates of Registration
- Excise Licences
- Lottery Licences
- Occasional Licences
- Publin Dance Hall Licences
- Transfer of Licences
- Restaurant Licences
- Declatatory Licences
- Ad-Interim Transfers
Dublin Fire brigade is a notifiable body as part of the planning process for large Events, Concerts, St Patricks day parade etc,at a number of venues in the city.
The following is a link to the relevant legislation that applies.
Codes of Practice
- Code of Practice for the Management of Fire Safety in Places of Assembly (pdf, 36 kb)
- Code of Practice for Fire Safety of Furnishings and Fittings in Places of Assembly(1989) (pdf, 275 kb)
- Code of Practice for Fire Safety and Indoor Concerts 1998 (pdf, 1,416 kb)
- Additional information regarding the Code of Practice for Safety at Indoor Concerts 1998 (doc, 23 kb)
- Guide to Fire Safety in Existing Nursing Homes and Similar Type Premises (1996) (pdf, 216 kb)
- Guide to Fire Safety in Flats, Bedsitters and Apartments(1994) (pdf, 198 kb)
- Guide To Fire in Guest Accommodation - Foreword (pdf, 39 kb)
- Guide to Fire Safety in Guest Accommodation - Main (pdf, 188 kb)
- Guide to Fire Precautions in Existing Hotels, Guesthouses and Similar Premises (pdf, 606 kb)
- Fire Safety in Gaeltacht Households Accommodating Foghlaimeoirí Gaeilge (doc, 112 kb)
- Fire Safety in Preschools(1999) (xls, 94 kb)
- Fire Safety in Hostels(1998) - Foreword (pdf, 17 kb)
- Fire Safety in Hostels(1998) - Main (xls, 136 kb)
Dublin Fire brigade receives applications regarding petroleum licencing for petrol stations and petroleum stores throughout the city.
Petroleum, for legislation/regulation purposes, is defined as being one of three Classes.
· Class I Petrol Leaded & Unleaded
· Class II Kerosene/paraffin
· Class III Diesel/DERV/Central Heating Oil
The primary legislation in this area is the Dangerous Substances Act 1972 (DSA 1972) and various regulations detailed in the subsequent Statutory Instruments as detailed as follows.
Amendments to Petroleum Licensing Legislation
Multi-Unit Developments Act 2011