Dublin Diary #OnThisDay

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What stories made the news in Dublin over the years during this month?

1 December 1666 – Death of Dublin-born historian Sir James Ware, at his residence on Castle Street, Dublin.

1 December 1880 – Councillor George Moyers, LL.D., J.P., elected Lord Mayor of Dublin for the year 1881, vice Edmund Dwyer Gray, M.P.

1 December 1897 – Daniel Tallon elected Lord Mayor of Dublin. He held office until 23 February 1900, a longer period than any of his predecessors since the creation of the title by Charles I. This was partly occasioned by changes in the dates of election and taking of office brought about by the Local Government (Ireland) Act, 1898.

1 December 1982 – Grafton Street became pedestrianised.

1 December 1995 – Visit of U.S. President Bill Clinton to Dublin. He is given Honorary Freedom of the City of Dublin.

2 December 1674 – Sir John Tottie and Philip Croft appointed Clerks of the Tholsel on the resignation of Sir William Davies.

3 December 1759 – Rioting in Dublin on rumour of legislative union with Britain.

3 December 1786 – Election of Dr John Troy as Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin (see also 28 March 1815, and 3 December 1786).

3 to 8 December 1792 – Meeting of the Catholic Convention, the so-called ‘Back Lane Parliament’, in Tailor’s Hall, Dublin, appoints delegates to petition the King on franchise and other matters.

3 December 1802 – Ormonde Bridge was swept away in a flood which swelled the Liffey to an unprecedented height.

3 December 1867 – Rathmines Town Hall opened, with a poetry recital.

3 December 1874 – St Thomas’s Church, on the corner of Stillorgan Road and Foster’s Avenue, Co. Dublin, was opened by Archbishop of Dublin Rev. Chenevix Trench. The church was to serve the Taney parish.

3 December 1952 – Gracie Fields gave a sold-out concert at Dublin’s Theatre Royal.

4 December 1892 – Dublin’s first synagogue, at Adelaide Road, was consecrated.

4 December 1956 – Election of George Otto Simms as Bishop of the Church of Ireland Diocese of Dublin.

5 December 1670 – Charter incorporating the Hospital and Free School of King Charles II, Oxmantown. The School’s purpose was to maintain, clothe, educate and apprentice to merchants and traders, the sons of reduced citizens of Dublin.

5 December 1824 – The new Church of Saint Stephen’s, Upper Mount Street, was consecrated.

6 December 1804 – Death of Dublin-born Augustinian friar and author William Gahan, born in Dublin in 1732. He studied at Louvain and returned to serve at St Paul’s, Arran Quay, Dublin before joining the Augustinian Order at John’s Lane until his death. His The manual of Catholic piety (Dublin, 1788) ran to over 60 editions and was a huge publishing success. He was buried in St James Church, Dublin.

6 December 1890 – The Bohemian Football Club was founded at a meeting in the North Circular Road Gate Lodge in Dublin’s Phoenix Park.

6 December 1892 – The wholesale fruit and vegetable market at Arran Street East/Mary’s Lane opened by Lord Mayor Joseph Meade.

6 December 1982 – Three French Navy vessels began a three-day courtesy visit to Dublin – the two minesweepers, a frigate Detroyat, a patrol vessel and a tanker berthed at Alexandra Basin. The total crew was 267.

7 December 1767 – Henry Mossop opens as Richard II in Crow Street Theatre, which he now owns along with Smock Alley Theatre.

8 December 1847 – The first meeting of the Board of Commissioners of Rathmines Township.

8 December 1933 – Gloucester Street was renamed Sean MacDermott Street.

8 December 1975 – A high Court Order was made to wind up the Creation Group, the Dublin publishing and printing business. 250 workers received redundancy notices.

9 December 1937 – Severe snowfalls in Dublin and throughout Ireland.

10 December 1870 – Death of Martin Cregan, portrait-painter, at his residence, 22 Lennox Street, Dublin.

10 December 1922 – St Canice’s Roman Catholic Church was formally solemnly dedicated. The building cost £22,000, of which some £16,000 was raised by local parishioners. The foundation stone had been laid on 21 November 1920.

11 December 1883 – Banquet given to Charles Stewart Parnell, M.P., at the Rotunda at which he was presented with a testimonial of £38,000.

11 December 1964 – Death of Dublin-born John Hackett Pollock (‘An Philibín’), doctor and writer. He was assistant pathologist at Dublin’s Richmond Hospital. He was also pathologist at Cork Street and Mercer’s Hospitals. He was also a prolific poet, playwright, novelist and critic. He was buried in Dean’s Grange cemetery.

12 December 1822 – A tremendous storm caused many trees and slates to be destroyed in Dublin.

12 December 1827 – The foundation stone for Kingsbridge (now Sean Heuston) Bridge was laid in honour of King George IV’s visit to Dublin in 1821, by Lord Lieutenant the Marquess of Wellesley. The design was by architect George Papworth. The metal work was constructed by the Phoenix Iron Works. The cost, £13,000, was defrayed by public subscription. The bridge was renamed in 1941.

12 December 1881 – James J. Fox opened his tobacconist’s shop on Grafton Street; he took in £7 on his first day.

13 December 1687 – Barnaby Hackett was appointed Dublin City Surveyor.

13 December 1897 – The second Theatre Royal, Hawkins Street, Dublin, was opened. (see also 18 January 1821; 9 February 1880; 23 September 1935 and 30 June 1962).

13 December 1922 – The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Venomous arrived in Dublin port to protect the troop-carrying ships during the final evacuation.

13 December 1944 – Riot at Mountjoy Prison. Some £400 damage was done in the prison workshop. In February 1945 some 13 prisoners faced court charges.

14 December 1822 – ‘Bottle riot’ at New Theatre Royal, Dublin, during attendance of Lord Lieutenant Marquis Wellesley at performance of She stoops to conquer. There followed a parliamentary inquiry.

14 December 1874 – Formation in Dublin of Irish Football Union; developed into Irish Rugby Football Union on 5 February 1880.

15 December 1812 – Death of Dublin-born surgeon William Hartigan. He was elected a member of the Dublin Society of Surgeons in 1780 and next the R.C.S.I. of which he was president in 1797. He was professor of anatomy at Dublin University from 1803 to 1812. He was one of the surgeons who ministered to Lord Edward Fitzgerald in 1798. He lived at 3, Kildare Street, Dublin, later the Kildare Street Club. He was buried in St Ann’s Church, Dawson Street, Dublin.

14 December 1935 – Bohemians beat Sligo Rovers 7 – 0 at Dalymount Park to remain at the top of the Free State League.

15 December 1991 – Death of Timothy C. O’Mahony, Dublin City Manager and Town Clerk (1958-91), and Dublin County Manager (1958-65).

16 December 1976 – The Kilkenny Shop is opened on Dublin’s Nassau Street by Justin Keating, Minister for Industry and Commerce.

16 December 1989 – Death of Dublin-born portrait and landscape painter Niccolo Caracciolo, RHA, following a car accident near Sienna. He was born in Dublin on 18 September 1941. He exhibited in Europe and in the U.S.A. He was buried at Bunclody, Co. Wexford.

17 December 1834 – First train drawn by steam power runs from Dublin to Kingstown (from Westland Row station, carrying directors and wives, followed by the first regular passenger train, the Hibernia); takes nine and a half minutes; ships are diverted from the port of Dublin to Kingstown harbour to link up with the new service.

17 December 1897 – Lord Mayor Daniel Tallon established the Mansion House Coal Fund, to be managed by a committee with representatives from Dublin charities. The Fund had been started after Sir John Arnott had sent the Lord Mayor 100 guineas to distribute coal to the city’s poor.

18 December 1761 – Dublin Society granted £12,000 from public funds (1 Geo. III, c.1, s.14).

18 December 1884 – Election of William Conyngham Plunket, Baron Plunket, as Bishop of Church of Ireland Diocese of Dublin.

18 December 1979 – Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti gave the William O’Kelly memorial recital at Dublin’s Gaiety Theatre.

19 December 1761 – Performance of Giuseppe Scolari’s La Cascina at Smock Alley Theatre – the first Italian opera in Ireland.

19 December 1934 – Some 5,000 people heard the Dublin Philharmonic Society perform Handel’s Messiah in the Main Hall, R.D.S.

19 December 1965 – A Christmas party for 60 pensioners from Marino, Ballybough and Fairview was given in the Mansion House by Lord Mayor Eugene Timmons and Mrs Timmons. A giant-sized Christmas pudding was presented to the Lord Mayor by the Australian Ambassador, Mr Hugh Robertson, on behalf of the Dried Fruit Growers of Australia.

20 December 1866 – Irish Association for the Closing of Public Houses on Sunday founded in Dublin.

20 December 1924 – Fish Street (North Wall) was renamed Castleforbes Road – after Lord Mayor George Forbes, 1720-21, who had lived in Castle Forbes, at the north end of Fish Street.

20 December 1940 – Two bombs fell near Sandycove Railway Station. Three people were injured.

20 December 1959 – Death of Dublin giant boxer Jim Coffey (born in 1891 in Co. Roscommon). He was 6 foot 3 inches tall and weighed 15 stone.

20 December 1999 – The Lord Mayor of Dublin City Councillor Mary Freehill formally opened the Millennium Bridge, over the River Liffey.

20 December 2006 – The Dublin Port Tunnel was officially opened by An Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, T.D. and Lord Mayor of Dublin Cllr Vincent Jackson.

21 December 1784 – Death of Dublin-born actor and dramatist Francis Gentleman. He was born in York Street in 1728. He made his debut at Smock Alley in 1749. He next moved to London where he led a bohemian life touring with drama companies and attempting to get his own work published. His The Modish Wife, being his most successful comedy, which was produced at the Haymarket, London. He returned to Dublin in 1783 and died a year later in poverty at George’s Lane.

21 December 1859 – Death of Dublin-born (c.1797) doctor William Fetherston-Haugh Montgomery. He built up a substantial practice in gynaecology and was a physician at Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital. In 1838 he co-founded the Pathological Society of Ireland. He died at his residence, 8 Merrion Square, Dublin.

21 December 1934 – Armed strikers raided and damaged Dublin shops.

21 December 1991 – Dublin City Council adopted a Development Plan, 1991 – the main thrust of which was urban renewal.

21 December 2000 – The Minister for the Environment and Local Government, Noel Dempsey, T.D., approved the Monument of Light (the Dublin Spire), when he certified the monument’s environment impact statement.

21 December 2001 – The Lord Mayor of Dublin Councillor Michael Mulcahy formally reopened the Ha’penny Bridge which had been closed since 12 March 2001 for extensive repair work. The main contractor was Irishenco Ltd.

22 December 1790 – The Charlemont packet sailing from Holyhead to Dublin sank with the loss of 104 people.

23 December 1623 – Franciscan Thomas Fleming consecrated Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin (died on 2 August 1651).

23 December 1867 – The new Church of St Bartholomew on Elgin and Clyde Roads, was consecrated by the Archbishop of Dublin.

24 December 1969 – An explosion damaged the O’Connell Monument in Dublin.

25 December 1781 – In severe weather many chimneys in St Stephen’s Green and elsewhere were brought down, and ‘the lead on St Andrew’s church was rolled up like a sheet of paper’.

25 December 1814 – The Chapel Royal at Dublin Castle was opened.

25 December 1995 – Death of James Chrysostom (‘Jimmy’) Boucher, Dublin-born cricketer. He played for Ireland from 1929 until 1954 as an off-break bowler and middle-order batsman. In 60 matches he took 307 wickets including six for 36 against the visiting West Indies in 1936. His club side was Phoenix. Following his retirement he became honorary secretary of the Irish Cricket Union from 1954 to 1973. His remains are interred at Glasnevin cemetery.

26 December 1629 – Rioting followed attempts to suppress religious houses in Dublin; congregation in Cook Street prevent Church of Ireland Archbishop Bulkeley and the Mayor and troops from breaking up a mass service at the Franciscan chapel, forcing the Archbishop to seek refuge.

26 December 1863 – Death of Francis Caulfield, 2nd Earl of Charlemont. He was born on 3 January 1775, and was invested a Knight of the Order of St Patrick on 19 October 1831.

26 December 1945 – The Abbey Theatre, Dublin, presents its first Gaelic Pantomime.

27 December 1904 – The Abbey Theatre (formerly the Mechanics’ Institute), bought for the Irish Literary Society by Anne Horniman and designed by Joseph Holloway, opened with W.B. Yeats’ On Baile’s Strand and Lady Augusta Gregory’s Spreading the News, starring Sara Allgood.

26 December 1943 – In the Leinster Cup Final at Dalymount Park, Drumcondra beat Shamrock Rovers 3 – 2.

27 December 1943 – Shamrock Rovers defeated James Gate 7 – 0 at Milltown. The score at half-time was 0 – 0.

30 December 1878 – Resolution of Dublin City Council grants Honorary Freedom of the City of Dublin to Ulysses S. Grant.

31 December 1759 – Arthur Guinness leases brewery at St James’s Gate, Dublin.

31 December 1958 – The Harcourt Street railway line was closed by CIE, due to falling revenues. The last train, two diesel cars, left 04.25.

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