Dublin Diary #OnThisDay

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What stories made the news in Dublin over the years during this month?

Lord Mayor and Aldermen. The elections of the Lord Mayor, Recorder and Sheriffs were to be subject to the approval of the viceroy for the time being. Despite formal adhesion to the Rules, the general feeling of the Dublin community was against them.

1 November 1841 – Alderman Daniel O’Connell, M.P., 30 Merrion Square South, elected Lord Mayor of Dublin. He represented Four Courts Ward.

1 November 1790 Dublin born philosopher Edmund Burke published his most famous work Reflections on the Revolution in France.

1 November 1883 – On the occasion of Lord Mayor of Dublin Charles Dawson’s visit to Derry there was much civil disturbance and riot. 200 constables were drafted in from Ulster counties and a detachment of Lancers from Belfast were called upon to quell running battles; two local men were shot.

1 November 1920 – Dublin Corporation changed the name of Great Brunswick Street to Pearse Street (see also 19 February 1923).

1 November 1935 – Lord Mayor Alderman Alfie Byrne, T.D. opened the 230-house scheme Rialto Homes at Rialto.

2 November 1950 - Death of Dubliner George Bernard Shaw – a playwright, critic and political activist he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925. His best know work is Pygmalion, which was turned into the musical My Fair Lady.

2 November 1671 – Viceroy John, Lord Berkeley’s Rules issued for the governance of Dublin city. The Rules required that the Lord Mayor, Recorder, Sheriffs, Treasurer, Town Clerk ,auditors, as well as the members of the common council of the city, should be elected by the

4 November 1779 – Volunteers parade on College Green, Dublin, demand relief from commercial restrictions. See oil painting by Francis Wheatley, A view of College Green with a meeting of the Volunteers on 4 November 1779 in the National Gallery of Ireland.

8 November 1847 - Birth at Marino Crescent, Dublin, of Bram Stoker, author of Dracula.

8 November 1842 – William Ford elected Town Clerk of the Borough of Dublin in the room of Archer and Dickinson, who resigned under the Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act, 1840. Ford was a solicitor with a practice in Dame Street. He was buried in Glasnevin Cemetery on 6 June 1860.

14 November 1728 – Dublin Linen Hall opened near North King Street, Dublin. Building work had begun in 1722. Most of the interior of the Hall was occupied by a large exchange and by a warehouse. In its final form the building, with its courtyards, covered four acres. It was threes stories high, and contained 550 rooms.

14 November 1903 – Death of Dublin City Councillor Albert Altman, at his residence, 108 Pembroke Road, Dublin, although for many years at Golden Bridge House, Inchicore.

14 November 1905 – Dublin Corporation’s new twin-screw steamer, the Shamrock, was officially launched by the Lady Mayoress, Hutchinson. Lord Mayor Joseph Hutchinson and other dignitaries also attended the event which took place at the Dublin Dockyard Company’s yards. The 148ft. long vessel (31ft. beam) was built to carry sludge from the Corporation’s new main drainage tanks at the Pigeon House Fort to the sludge banks in Dublin Bay.

14 November 1957 – Frank Sherwin (Independent) won by-election for Dublin North Central Dail seat.

15 November 1976 – The Lord Mayor of Dublin Jim Mitchell welcomed the Lord Mayor of Belfast, Myles Humphreys on an official visit to Dublin.

16 November 1811 – The 103 tons galliot Veronica Gesino was stationed on the Kish Bank, Dublin, as a floating light to shipping (see also 9 November 1965).

16 November 1965 – Death of William Thomas Cosgrave, former Taoiseach. He was interred at Golden Bridge cemetery, Inchicore, next to his wife Louisa who died on 16 June 1959.

17 November 1760 – Henry Mossop re-opened Smock Alley Theatre as a rival to Crow Street Theatre, managed by Spranger Barry.

17 November 1823 – Committee of Catholic Association recommends formation of burial committee to purchase land for burial grounds (Golden Bridge, Dublin); cemetery opened on 15 October 1829. Nine acres bought at Glasnevin on 29 September 1831.

17 November 1897 – The first meeting of the Board of Commissioners of Rathmines Township was held in the new Rathmines Town Hall.

17 November 1940 – Birth of Luke Kelly, folk singer and member of The Dubliners ballad group.

18 November 1773 – Death of Henry Mossop (45), actor-manager, owner-manager of both Smock Alley and Crow Street Theatres.

18 November 1805 – The famous clown Joseph Grimaldi appeared for the first time on a Dublin stage, at Astley’s Theatre, Peter Street. His show continued until the end of December.

18 November 1967 – Edward Delany’s statue of Wolfe Tone unveiled at St. Stephen’s Green.

18 November 1969 – The premises of Gings, theatrical costumiers, Dame Street, Dublin, near City Hall, was almost completely destroyed by fire.

18 November 1982 – Death of Hilton Edwards, co-founder of the Gate Theatre, Dublin.

19 November 1807 – Severe weather resulted in several ships being wrecked in Dublin Bay, the largest being the transports Prince of Wales and Rochdale of Liverpool, both carrying newly-recruited soldiers and their officers. They had travelled from Pigeon House Harbour in Dublin. On board the Rochdale was the staff of the 97th Regiment, numbering 265 men.

19 November 1954 – First public performance of Brendan Behan’s The Quare Fellow at the Pike Theatre, Dublin.

20 November 1792 – Westmoreland Lock Hospital, Townsend Street, Dublin was established for the indiscriminate admission of all indigent persons.

20 to 21 November 1992 – U.C.D. Drama Centre in association with the Irish Theatre Archive presented a theatre conference on ‘Themes, absences and hidden agendas in Irish theatre and drama’.

21 November 1894 – Death of Dublin-born distiller and philanthropist Henry Roe. His uncle was Alderman and Lord Mayor of Dublin George Roe. He had acquired a 17-acre site off James Street which he later sold to the Guinness Brewery. He is buried at Mount Anville cemetery, Dundrum.

22 November 1879 – Death of Alexander Thom. He was born at Bervie, Kincardineshire, Scotland in 1801. His father Walter Thom published Faulkner’s Dublin Journal. He had been a government contractor since about 1834 and printer of the Dublin Gazette since 1851. He received his Queen’s Printer patent on 20 March 1876 and was succeeded by his son-in-law Frederick Pilkington. Alexander Thom died at his Donnycarney residence. His remains were interred at Mount Jerome cemetery.

22 November 1987 – St. Paul’s Church of Ireland church, North King Street had its final service and was deconsecrated. The church dated from 1824.

23 November 1847 – Dublin Statistical Society founded.

24 November 1750 – First number of Dublin Directory (for 1751), publisher Peter Wilson.

24 November 1765 – Death of Dublin-born poet Rev. William Dunkin. He was born about 1709. He graduated B.A., T.C.D. in 1729, M.A. in 1731, B.D. and D.D. in 1744. He was a friend of Dean Swift and Latin teacher at St. Michael le Pole School, Dublin. He then became master of Portora School, Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh.

24 November 1996 – Death of Dublin-born sports commentator Michael O’Hehir. He was born in Glasnevin on 2 June 1920.

25 November 1928 – Death of Co. Galway-born John Joseph Clancy, who served as M.P. for Dublin North County from 1885 to 1918. He was born in 1847. He was one of the leaders of the later Irish Home Rule movement and promoter of the Housing of the Working Classes (Ireland) Act 1908, known as the Clancy Act. He was called to the Irish Bar in 1887 and became a KC (King’s Counsel) in 1906. He also wrote a number of essays on political and social affairs, and was a staff member of The Nation. He resided at 51 Lower Drumcondra Road, Dublin.

25 November 1957 – Death of Peter Kearney, founder-member and first secretary of the Old Dublin Society.

26 November 1897 – The Tivoli Theatre, Burgh Quay, Dublin, opened as the Grand Lyric Hall. A year later it became the Lyric Theatre of Varieties. The theatre closed on 31 August 1901. It re-opened as the Tivoli Variety Theatre on 28 October 1901 and closed in 1928. The Irish Press later had its offices on the site.

26 November 1951 – A severe south-west gale disrupted electricity and telephone services, and flooded roads in the Dublin region. Dublin airport was virtually closed. Many slates and windows were damaged.

26 November 1951 – Death of Patrick J. Cahill, former Lord Mayor of Dublin (1947 – 1948), who died suddenly at his home, 64 Aungier Street, Dublin, aged 70. He was proprietor of James Cahill and Sons, Sheet Metal Works, established by his father. He was elected to Dublin City Council in 1917 for the Royal Exchange Ward. He was later a Peace Commissioner and stood unsuccessfully for Fine Gael at the 1939 Dail elections.

26 November 1955 – At the Adelaide Hospital Campaign’s ninth international concert Spanish classical guitarist and composer Andres Segovia performed on stage at Dublin’s Theatre Royal.

26 November 1969 – Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries, Neil Blaney, T.D., officially opened the new Shelbourne Park greyhound racing stadium. The original stadium had opened in 1927.

26 November 1972 – Five people are injured in an explosion at the Film Centre Cinema, Burgh Quay, Dublin.

27 November 1871 – Opening night of the Gaiety Theatre. The St. James Theatre Company staged Oliver Goldsmith’s She stoops to conquer.

27 November 1878 – Death of painter Sir William Orpen, born at Stillorgan, Co. Dublin.

28 November 1806 – The foundation stone of the Bedford Asylum, Brunswick Street, for the reception of 1,000 poor children of every religious persuasion was laid by the Duke of Bedford.

28 November 1878 – Death of Cardinal Paul Cullen, Archbishop of Dublin since 3 May 1852.

28 November 1936 – A factory fire at Kavanagh and Sons, the Coombe, left four families homeless, caused £50,000, and damaged adjoining premises.

29 November 1919 – Detective Sergeant John Barton, DMP 10497, was shot and wounded at College Street, Dublin, while on his way to the Central Police Station at Great Brunswick Street. He was taken to Mercer’s Hospital where he later died. He was born at Ballymacelligott, Co. Kerry in 1880, and had over 16 years’ DMP service. He was buried at Keel cemetery, Co. Kerry on 3 December 1919.

29 November 1929 – Savoy Cinema opened in Dublin by W.T. Cosgrave; premiere of Ireland, documentary produced by the government.

30 November 1900 – Death of Dubliner Oscar Wilde. Born on Westland Road, Dublin 2, in 1854, he died at Hôtel d'Alsace, Rue des Beaux-Arts, Paris.

30 November 1667 – Birth of Jonathan Swift at Hoey’s Court, Dublin.

30 November 1750 – In severe weather, a stack of chimneys fell through the roof of St. Andrew’s (R.C.) church, a converted stable in Lazar’s Hill, behind Lord Ely’s house. Some of the congregation were either killed or injured.

30 November 1937 – Anchor Line Ltd. opened an office at 35 Westmoreland Street, Dublin. The special guest was Lord Mayor Alfie Byrne, T.D. The company had been running a North Atlantic passenger service from Dublin for the previous two years.

© Dublin City Council