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News from Nelson: Joshua Dawson

Joshua Dawson portraitDear Friends and Fellow-Sailors!

From my vantage point on top of my Pillar I had a great view of Dublin and often wondered what was going on behind the hall door.  One of my favourite buildings was the Mansion House, the residence of Dublin’s Lord Mayor.  This was built between 1705-10 outside the city in lovely country parkland by Joshua Dawson, a civil servant who was also a property developer (nothing new under the sun, then!). 

Portrait of Joshua Dawson

Joshua also laid out a new street, calling it Dawson Street after himself (there’s also a Joshua Lane) and built a church for a new Church of Ireland parish, to be called ‘St. Ann’s’ after his lady wife, Ann Carr. 

Mansion House Fund for Relief of Distress

Manuscript February's Manuscript of the Month is a letter to the Mansion House Fund for Relief of Distress in Ireland, 1880.

The Mansion House Fund was established in January 1880 specifically to provide relief to farmers and tenant-farmers whose crops had failed during 1877-79.  The Lord Mayor of Dublin, Edmund Dwyer, chaired this fund and several Dubliners wrote to him in the mistaken belief that the fund could help them.  The letters were preserved and this one is from John Collett who lived in Bishop Street and had lost his job, as a light porter with Mackey’s Seeds, owing to paralysis.  There is no record of a payment to him from the Mansion House Fund.

Caretaker’s Lodge at Gulistan, Rathmines, Dublin

GulistanJanuary's Manuscript of the Month is the Caretaker’s Lodge at Gulistan, Rathmines, Dublin

Between 1847 and 1930, the Rathmines and Rathgar Township was an entity separate from Dublin City and held the same powers and functions as all local government in Ireland.  As early as 1888, the Township Commissioners obtained Counsel’s Opinion confirming that they had the right to build ‘Artisan Dwellings’ and in 1891 they purchased the lands of Gulistan for this purpose.   This curious name may have been inspired by the epic poem The Gulistan, written by the 13th century Persian poet, Sadi, which was published in an English-language translation in 1787.

News from Nelson: First Cat

SmokeyDear Friends and Fellow-Sailors!

When I was an Admiral in the Navy I was famous for my attention to detail.  Before we embarked on a campaign, I reviewed the manifest for each of the ships, to make sure that nothing had been overlooked. And sometimes there was: the appointment of a Ship’s Cat – many of my captains did not realise how important this was.  So I would send out a message to the local cat community saying: Ship’s Cat needed – adventurous lifestyle guaranteed – lots of delicious vitels – Champion Mousers only need apply – Pussycats not required.  This produced lots of applicants, enough to provision every ship in the fleet.

Private Daniel Fay and "The Three Dubs"

Daniel Fay in 1914The Private Daniel Fay collection is part of the extended Royal Dublin Fusiliers Association Collection and concerns the life of three brave soldiers from 2nd Battalion of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Their story is one that exemplifies the experience of soldiers in the First World War. One man died in combat, one man was committed to an asylum, and one man returned to his old life.

Image: RDFA/111/02 – Daniel Fay in 1914, sitting in full dress uniform.

Daniel Fay was born in 1987 in Dublin City. He worked as a grocer’s porter on Mountjoy Street until 1908 when he joined the Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Daniel Fay served with the 2nd Battalion, nicknamed “the Old Toughs”. In 1910 he married Mary Moore in the Pro Cathedral.  Serving with him in 2nd Battalion were his two brothers-in-law, James Joseph Moore and Bartholomew “Bartle” Moore. Daniel served with 2nd Battalion until his discharge due to injury in the summer of 1918.

Calendar of Saints' Days for December

Calendar of Saints DayDecember's manuscript of the month is the Calendar of Saints' Days for December.

During the Middle Ages, time-keeping was more complex than ours. Alongside the Julian calendar, with its twelve months, dates and days of the week, the year was also marked by saints’ days, which had their own very different calendar. For example, it was usual to write that an event occurred on the eve of the feast-day of St. John the Baptist, rather than on the 23rd June or – as in this calendar for December – nine lessons were recited on completion of the octave of St. Andrew (from 30 November to 7 December inclusive).

News from Nelson: Christmas Spirit

Nelson's HeadDear Friends and Fellow-Sailors!

I was sitting on my plinth one day, thinking about sailing through the eternal universe (as you do) when who walked into the Reading Room but the author John Banville.  Well John was delighted to see me and ambled over for a chat, as we are old friends.  He asked me if I ever wore a hat and I said no  – I am much too tough for that, unlike that fake Nelson in Trafalgar Square – my legion of fans will know that I am the first and the best Nelson. 

A letter from the Western Front

Robert DownieNovember's Manuscript of the Month is a letter from the Western Front celebrating Robert Downie, “a Victoria Cross Hero”, 1916. The letter is part of the Monica Roberts Collection, one of the most important World War 1 collections of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers Association and Archive held at Dublin City Library and Archive.

Photo: Robert Downie VC, 2nd Royal Dublin Fusiliers

At the outbreak of World War 1, Monica Roberts from Stillorgan, Dublin set up “Band of Helpers for Soldiers” which sent care packages to Irishmen serving in the Royal Dublin Fusiliers and Royal Flying Corps at the Western Front to boost their moral. Each package was accompanied by a letter, and many of the men wrote back to Monica and a correspondence and friendship ensued.  Over 700 of the letters received by Monica have been digitised and transcribed, and can be viewed at databases.dublincity.ie providing a remarkable insight into life in the trenches and the reality of warfare.

The Orchestra of St Cecilia Collection: 1995 – 2014

Orchestra of St Cecila logoThe Dublin City Public Library and Archive has recently acquired the Orchestra of St Cecilia Collection, deposited by manager/artistic director Lindsay Armstrong after his retirement and the dissolution of the company at the end of 2014. The collection comprises Armstrong’s comprehensive administrative records.  It documents the detailed practicalities of managing an orchestra and putting on independent concerts. The collection includes concert programmes, posters, flyers, correspondence, programme notes, recordings, soloists and conductor’ biographies and  administrative documents. Access to the collection provides unparalleled insight into the processes involved in professional orchestra and event management from the turn of the twenty-first century through recession times in Dublin. Find out more and view some items from the Orchestra of St Cecilia Collection...

Dublin City Library & Archive formally accepted the donation with a reception on Tuesday 22 November 2016.

Conserving Wide Street Commission Maps 1757-1849

WSC MapListen to Liz D’Arcy talk about conserving the Wide Street Commission Maps. Hear how she painstakingly removed sellotape, cleaned, repaired and strengthened these important maps.   Liz D'Arcy, Paperworks, Studio for Paper Conservation is qualified with an MA in Conservation of Fine Art on Paper. Liz is an accredited member of the 'Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic works in Ireland' (I.C.H.A.W.I) and a member of the 'Irish Professional Conservators and Restorers Association' (I.P.C.R.A).

Between 1757- 1851, the Wide Street Commission had a major impact on the development of the city, transforming it from a medieval city to the Dublin we know today.  Its function was to provide “Wide and Convenient Streets” for Dublin and it had extensive powers to acquire property by compulsory purchase, develop new streets, demolish buildings and impose design standards on building lots which were sold to developers. Dublin City Archives hold the Wide Street Commission Archives, which comprises maps, minute books and drawings. www.dublincityarchives.ie

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